Port Moresby

 

Port Moresby, also referred to as Pom City or simply Moresby, is the capital and largest city of Papua New Guinea. It is located on the shores of the Gulf of Papua, on the south-eastern coast of the Papuan Peninsula of the island of New Guinea. The city emerged as a trade centre in the second half of the 19th century. During World War II it was a prime objective for conquest by the Imperial Japanese forces during 1942–43 as a staging point and air base to cut off Australia from Southeast Asia and the Americas.

In 2000 it had a population of 254,158. As of 2011 it had a population of 364,145, giving it an annual growth rate of 2.1% over a nine-year period. The place where the city was founded has been inhabited by the Motu-Koitabu people for centuries. The first European to see it was Captain John Moresby in 1873. It was named in honour of his father, Admiral Sir Fairfax Moresby.

Although Port Moresby is surrounded by Central Province, of which it is also the capital, it is not part of that province, but forms the National Capital District.

Population

This majority has steadily increased ever since, with postcolonial expatriates and internationals now only making up a small minority of the city’s population. Port Moresby has an overall population of just over 400,000 with an average population density of around 16 persons per hectare.

Languages

Motu, Tok Pisin, English

Currency

The Papua New Guinea Kina is the currency in Papua New Guinea (PG, PNG). The symbol for PGK can be written K. The Papua New Guinea Kina is divided into 100 toeas. The exchange rate for the Papua New Guinea Kina was last updated on August 25, 2017 from Bloomberg.

 

Climate

Port Moresby has a tropical wet and dry climate with relatively constant temperatures throughout the year. The wet season starts in December and ends in May; the dry season covers the remaining six months. Port Moresby’s average yearly rainfall is just over 1,000 mm (39.4 in). Average daily high temperatures range from 28 to 32 °C (82 to 90 °F) depending on time of year, while the average low temperature shows very little seasonal variation, hovering around the 26 °C (79 °F) mark. It tends to be slightly cooler in the city during the dry season.

Transport

Port Moresby is served within the city by buses and privately owned taxis. Flights are vital for transport about the country, highways not being widely available. Port Moresby is served by Jacksons International Airport, the biggest international airport and Papua New Guinea Defence Force Air Wing base in the country. Air Niugini and Airlines PNG conduct regular domestic and international services from the airport, while Virgin Australia and Qantas fly to Brisbane. Jacksons has international flights to Brisbane, Cairns, Cebu, Sydney, Honiara, Nadi, Port Vila, Manila, Bali (Denpasar), Singapore, Hong Kong and Tokyo.

As the national highway system is not fully linked, there are many internal flights to other towns, e.g., Madang, which cannot be reached by ground transport, such as minibuses, known locally as PMVs (public motor vehicles).

 

Activities

Varirata National Park is a park and is located in Central Province, Papua New Guinea. The estimate terrain elevation above seal level is 771 metres.

Port Moresby Nature Park (formally the National Capital Botanical Gardens) is PNG’s only combined botanical and zoological parks and gardens …

New Guinea Natural Tours is a private tour guide for Port Moresby, Kiunga, Lae & Madang.New Guinea Natural Tours’s tours focus on Bird Watching…

The PNG National Museum and Art Gallery [NMAG] was built in 1975 and opened to the public 1977. Address: Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. Phone: +675 7291 0955

Golden Dawn– M.V. Golden Dawn will take you on an unforgettable journey to the most popular diving spot near PNG’s national capital of Port Moresby – the spectacular …

Accommodation

Flights

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